Biomass is biological material—typically referring to plant-based materials. Biomass is a unique energy source that can be used directly via combustion to create heat, or indirectly after converting it to various forms of biofuel. Wood is the largest biomass energy source and can include; forest residues such as dead trees and branches, yard clippings, or wood chips. Industrial biomass can be grown in crops and harvested to create biofuel.

Torrefaction is thermal treatment of biomass in an environment with low oxygen content. Although the process is similar to charcoal production, it takes place in a much lower temperature environment that requires less exotic and less expensive materials, which results in biofuels with more favorable combustion properties, better mechanical and storage properties, and higher energy density. Torrefied biomass, (especially after it has been pelletized), has similar properties as coal and is the ideal fuel to replace non-renewable coal resources for use in existing coal processing plants and facilities, like power plants without expensive capex upgrades required for white wood pellets.

What Is Biomass?

What Is Torrefaction?

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